Pennsylvania Recreational Use Statute
TITLE 68: REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY
CHAPTER 11: USES OF PROPERTY
SECTION 477: RECREATION USE OF LAND AND WATER
§ 477-1. Purpose; liability
The purpose of this act is to encourage owners of land to make land and water
areas available to the public for recreational purposes by limiting their
liability toward persons entering thereon for such purposes.
§ 477-2. Definitions
As used in this act:
(1) "LAND" means land, roads, water, watercourses, private ways and
buildings, structures and machinery or equipment when attached to the realty.
(2) "OWNER" means the possessor of a fee interest, a tenant, lessee,
occupant or person in control of the premises.
(3) "Recreational purpose" includes, but is not limited to, any of the
following, or any combination thereof: hunting, fishing, swimming, boating,
camping, picnicking, hiking, pleasure driving, nature study, water skiing,
water sports, cave exploration and viewing or enjoying historical,
archaeological, scenic, or scientific sites.
(4) "CHARGE" means the admission price or fee asked in return for
invitation or permission to enter or go upon the land.
§ 477-3. Duty to keep premises safe; warning
Except as specifically recognized or provided in section 6 of this act, an
owner of land owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by
others for recreational purposes, or to give any warning of a dangerous
condition, use, structure, or activity on such premises to persons entering for
§ 477-4. Assurance of safe premises; duty of care; responsibility,
Except as specifically recognized by or provided in section 6 of this act, an
owner of land who either directly or indirectly invites or permits without
charge any person to use such property for recreational purposes does not
(1) Extend any assurance that the premises are safe for any purpose.
(2) Confer upon such person the legal status of an invitee or licensee to
whom a duty of care is owed.
(3) Assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to persons
or property caused by an act of omission of such persons.
§ 477-5. Land leased to State or subdivision
Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the provisions of sections 3 and 4 of
this act shall be deemed applicable to the duties and liability of an owner of
land leased to the State or any subdivision thereof for recreational purposes.
§ 477-6. Liability not limited
Nothing in this act limits in any way any liability which otherwise exists:
(1) For wilful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous
condition, use, structure, or activity.
(2) For injury suffered in any case where the owner of land charges the
person or persons who enter or go on the land for the recreational use
thereof, except that in the case of land leased to the State or a subdivision
thereof, any consideration received by the owner for such lease shall not be
deemed a charge within the meaning of this section.
§ 477-7. Construction of act
Nothing in this act shall be construed to:
(1) Create a duty of care or ground of liability for injury to persons or
(2) Relieve any person using the land of another for recreational purposes
from any obligation which he may have in the absence of this act to exercise
care in his use of such land and in his activities thereon, or from the legal
consequences of failure to employ such care.
§ 477-8. Repealer
The act of September 27, 1961 (P.L. 1696), entitled * * * [section 1629 of
Title 12], is repealed.
All other acts or parts of acts are repealed in so far as inconsistent